html coding

Hi guys, sorry I didn’t get this posted yesterday. This week… be reading and coding chapter 4 (Creating a simple page) and chapter 5 (Marking up text). Feel free to work ahead of my weekly chapter schedule if you have done and know this stuff already or if it is easy and making sense. Again, take notes on what you have read and use them as the means to apply the coding to a webpage. You will remember all this information if you write it down or key it in somewhere. Remember, use a simple text editor to do this, not an html editor yet. There are no shortcuts with a simple text editor and you will have to actually learn the html tags doing it this way.

I will be assigning some more in InDesign, Illustrator and Photoshop in the next couple of class periods.

 

Proof newsletter

Hi guys, OK, I want an initial duplex printed, folded proof (print an 11 x 17 b/w proof and fold in half) of your newsletter on Monday, March 6. The big color printer in OP1224 is capable of duplex printing on an 11 x 17 sheet of paper. Also, a reminder to be reading in Chapters 1,2 and 3 in the Learning Web Design Book. These chapters contain lead-in general info that will give you background for the next set of doing things chapters. So, read them over mid-term break. We will start integrating web coding (using a simple text editor) into the assignment rotation after midterm. Again, you can also use Lynda.com and w3schools.com for web coding tutorials and information.

Things to do from today.

OK, I went over several things today. I showed you how to straighten up a photograph of some art in the gallery using transform/distort in Photoshop. I showed you also how to use the Clone Stamp tool to retouch damage on a photograph and I went over the printing to a .ps file and Distilling to a .pdf file in InDesign again. Also in InDeign, I showed you how to package an InDesign document with links and fonts for transport and opening on a different computer. I totally ignored Illustrator today. Try doing all of these things I showed you today and be ready to ask questions on Weds about them if you have problems.

I want a laser printout (8.5 x 11 Letter) of your Jack and Jill Photoshop assignment at the start of class on Weds. Save from Photoshop as a .tif and use InDesign to make the .ps/.pdf to print to the laser printer. You will need to add money to your Print Audit account if you haven’t already done so to print to the OP1224 laser printer.

Find a damaged photo (or, use the one I worked with today) and retouch out all the damage in the photograph as best you can with your existing Photoshop skills – primarily using the clone stamp tool and whatever other tool(s) you think might work in restoring the image. Your options are to use pixels from other areas in the image, adjust the pixels (lightness/darkness, hue, saturation, etc..), or make new pixels (this option is the most difficult). You have until Friday for that one (I want retouched image laser printed on Friday at the start of class).

Remember to save anything you have done in the last couple of weeks (as a .jpg) and upload to your blog and start posting. I like reading your trials and tribulations.

.ps to .pdf

In the near future you may encounter problems submitting your print job to the inkjet printer in OP1250 (OP Output) The problem typically is due to the file size of the pdf you are making. The .pdf is too large (larger than 48 MB in size). Yes, Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator have the “Save As” to .pdf option and InDesign has the “Export” option, but these paths to a .pdf do not by default compress the file size of the .pdf. You need to adjust the .pdf presets as you “Save As” (a pdf dialog box should pop up) in Photoshop and Illustrator and/or click on the “Adobe PDF Presets prior to “Export” and adjust the presets to lower the file size. In the dialog box, select the “Smallest File Size” present, then click on the “Compression” option in the left column of the dialog box. Resize from 100 ppi to 150 ppi in the Color and Grayscale Images options then click “Save” or “Export”

The best process for creating a small file size pdf is to “Print” to a .ps (Postscript) file and use Acrobat Distiller, distill the .ps file to a .pdf – using the “Standard” preset. This process will typically take a 60 to 80 MB .psd file and creates a 1.2 to 1.8 MB .pdf. I will go over this again in class tomorrow. Print the job and in the Print dialog box, select Postscript Printer instead of an actual printer and make sure you select the Acrobat 9 PPD (Postscript Page Description). Walk through all the options and choose the appropriate settings as you normally would do if printing to an actual printer. When you click the print button, the software will “print” the data to a file (make sure you know where you are sending the .ps file). Drag and drop the .ps file into Acrobat Distiller and it will crunch your. ps file and make you a .pdf. Now you now have the most reliable .pdf you can make.

Too bad this process is no longer supported by Adobe or Apple. We had to hack the computers and set them up to do this. If you want to be able to do this on your own Mac, see me. I can show you how.

 

More about Offset Lithography

To continue with what I covered on Friday… leaving off with halftone and separation screens… rows and rows of tiny dots to allow a press to print an image. The key thing to remember when correctly sizing  the resolution of digital images comprised of pixels (little dinky squares) is you have to know the resolution of the halftone screen. Newspapers typically print screen resolutions of 85 lines per inch to 100 lines per inch (relatively coarse dot screen). Magazines typically print in 133 to 150 lines per inch (a finer screen) and commercial custom printing ranges from 150 up to 400 lines per inch (fine screens for ultra-high image quality). Take whatever the halftone/separation line per inch resolution is and multiply that by 2 to get the pixel resolution of the raster/Photoshop image. Digital images for newspapers should be at 170 pixels per inch. Anything for magazines or most commercial printers, the digital resolution should be 300 pixels per inch.

File formats from Illustrator and Photoshop.

Print design: high resolution (300 ppi)

  • .eps (encapsulated postscript) – best for vector graphics from Illustrator.
  • .tif (tagged image file format) – best for raster images from Photoshop.

Web design: low resolution (72 ppi)

  • .jpg  (Joint Photographic Experts Group format) – lossy image compression file format for images and graphics with a full-range of color and value. The higher the compression in a jpg image, the more the image is “damaged. jpgs are a raster/pixel-based image format. Illustrator, although vector based, can save/export raster images.
  • .gif (graphic interchange format) – image format can support 256 (8 bit color) colors. Also useful in that gif can strip out unused colors to make a smaller image file. Good for flat color, limited color graphics.
  • .png (portable network graphic) – Lossless image compression technology. Images can be compressed to make smaller file sizes without image quality loss.

Other than my drawing of 6 color off-set lithography printing press, I think these two posts cover that really long lecture I gave on Friday. Sorry, but it was necessary so as to know why you do different things in InDesign, Illustator and Photoshop.

Stuff to make your eyes glaze over.

Yes, I threw a lot of information at you today. But it isn’t that hard to remember. I’m going to do several/multiple posts to cover what I talked about.

Software: What we are starting with.

  • InDesign: Asset Management software – where the designs and assets from Photoshop and Illustrator are assembled. Essentially the digital drafting table where production art is assembled.
  • Photoshop: Image Editor – photography processing, illustration and graphics creation – Raster-based (Pixels).
  • Illustrator: Graphics Creation – logos, illustrations and graphics – Vector based (math-based).

Print-based information

Offset Lithography – big commercial printing companies. Big offset lithography presses can either print ink or not print ink. They do not print tonal ranges of the ink. 100% ink or 0% ink on paper. Two types of ink used in Offset Lithography – Process Inks = Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (CMYK) and Spot Color Inks (Pantone Matching System – PMS) Spot color inks are physically mixed inks while Process (CMYK) inks are a visually mixed illusion of different colors and tonal ranges. Process inks are transparent and Spot color inks are typically opaque. Both process inks and spot color inks are subtractive color modes. Subtract from 100% to 0% of the four colors to get to white. To create the illusion of tonal range and full-color a mechanical conversion must take place in continuous-tone images (Photography and artwork). The images are converted into tiny little dots – a series of dots. These little dots are called Benday dots which allows for presses to reproduce images. When a black and white photograph is converted to a series of little dots it is called a Halftone. When a color image is converted and separated into four sets of colors (CMYK) of little dots they are called Separations. Still with me? I am trying to keep this a simple as possible. Don’t let eyes glaze. Pay attention here.

Web-based publishing  – Color modes used on the web are RGB (Red, Green Blue) and is an additive color process – Add from 0 to 255 (all three colors) to get to white.

…more to come. Stay tuned.

First assignments

OK, here is what I assigned today in class. Get subscribed to lynda.com. You can do the monthly subscription (not the annual – unless you really like lynda and plan to use it beyond this class). Make sure to go after the student discount subscription.

You are going to begin watching the essential training videos for Adobe CC Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign. I want you to get into each video far enough to familiarize yourself with the three different (yet very similar) work space interfaces. I find having the software open and doing the things going on in the video while it plays is useful. I stop and rewind quite a bit too. But, everybody works/learns differently.

I plan to do a live demo with the software on Friday. There are only five computers in the lab, so get subscribed to Adobe CC too and get it installed on your computers and bring them to class to work on (or you can also after the demos, go into OP1210 Beta Computer lab and work there – if/when I cut you loose.

We will also take a look at your “old school” design marker comps. This is like an “unplugged”process – no computers necessary. This is a one color (black) design comp for a poster (11×17 or 13×19) promoting a gallery exhibition of your artwork. It should include who, what, where and when on the poster text (you can make this stuff up). This comp can be 50% of the actual size.

If you are getting frustrated and/or overwhelmed at any point during the semester, please feel free to stop by and talk. My door is always open and there is a ton of information to cram into our noggins and the potential for getting frustrated is high. I know, I’ve been there and done that.